Legal obligations have to be accomplished before and after the commercialisation of cosmetic products.
A Cosmetic Product Information File (PIF) demonstrating the safety of the cosmetic product must be available before a cosmetic product is placed on the market.
What is a cosmetic product?
A cosmetic product is any substance or mixture intended to be placed in contact with the external parts of the human body (epidermis, hair system, nails, lips and external genital organs) or with the teeth and the mucous membranes of the oral cavity with a view exclusively or mainly to cleaning them, perfuming them, changing their appearance, protecting them, keeping them in good condition or correcting body odours.
Other (perfumes, depilatories, products for nail care and make-up)
The European legislation of cosmetic products
The European legislation of the cosmetic products is based on the Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products (Cosmetics Regulation). The annexes of this regulation are often updated by European Commission regulations.
How cosmetic products are controlled in France
In France, the surveillance of the cosmetic products market is ensured by the French National Agency for Medicines and Health Products Safety (ANSM) and the General Directorate for Competition Policy, Consumer Affairs and Fraud Control (DGCCRF).
Marketing Authorizations are not required for the commercialisation of cosmetic products in France. The safety of the cosmetic product is the responsibility of the manufacturer or of the legal representative of the cosmetic product.
The requirements for the commercializing of a cosmetic product in France concern:
the designation of a cosmetic product responsible person
the composition of the cosmetic product
the manufacture of the cosmetic product
the availability of a cosmetic product Product Information File (PIF)
the packaging labelling rules
the notification of the company to ANSM
the notification to the European Commission
The responsible person needs to make a notification to the European Commission before the cosmetic product is placed on the market.